What is the Fundamental Law of the Philippines: Explained

Exploring the Fundamental Law of the Philippines

The Fundamental Law of the Philippines, also known as the Constitution of the Philippines, is the supreme law of the country. It lays down the framework and basic principles of governance and establishes the powers and duties of the government and its various branches.

Understanding the Constitution of the Philippines

current Constitution Philippines, ratified 1987, fourth enacted country`s history. It embodies the aspirations and values of the Filipino people, and it serves as the foundation for the nation`s legal and political system.

Key Provisions and Principles

The Constitution of the Philippines consists of a preamble and 18 articles, covering a wide range of topics such as the structure of the government, the protection of human rights, the economy, and the role of the Filipino people in nation-building. One important features system checks balances, ensures branch government becomes powerful.

Impact on Filipino Society

The Constitution of the Philippines has had a profound impact on the country`s legal and political landscape. Provided framework protection individual rights promotion social justice, guided development laws policies helped shape nation`s progress.

Case Studies

Case Impact
People vs. Vera (1949) Established the principle of judicial review in the Philippines.
Oposa vs. Factoran (1993) Recognized the right of Filipino citizens to a healthy environment.

The Constitution of the Philippines is the fundamental law of the land, and it plays a critical role in shaping the country`s legal and political framework. Provisions lasting Impact on Filipino Society, principles continue guide nation moves forward future.

The Fundamental Law of the Philippines: A Legal Contract

This contract is entered into on this [insert date] by and between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines, and all citizens of the Philippines, hereinafter referred to as “parties.”

Article 1: Definition Fundamental Law
For the purpose of this contract, the term “Fundamental Law” refers to the Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, as adopted and promulgated by the sovereign Filipino people.
Article 2: Recognition Fundamental Law
The parties recognize and acknowledge the provisions set forth in the Fundamental Law of the Philippines as the supreme law of the land, binding upon all citizens and government institutions.
Article 3: Obligations Duties
shall duty obligation parties uphold defend Fundamental Law Philippines, adhere principles mandates matters governance individual rights.
Article 4: Enforcement Jurisdiction
The enforcement and interpretation of the Fundamental Law of the Philippines shall be vested in the appropriate judicial and legal authorities, in accordance with established legal principles and practice.
Article 5: Amendments Modifications
Any amendments or modifications to the Fundamental Law of the Philippines shall only be valid if undertaken in accordance with the processes and requirements stipulated within the Constitution itself.
Article 6: Termination
This contract shall remain in force and effect indefinitely, unless terminated by mutual agreement of the parties or by operation of law.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have executed this contract as of the date first above written.

Frequently Asked Legal Questions About the Fundamental Law of the Philippines

Question Answer
1. What is the fundamental law of the Philippines? fundamental law Philippines refers Constitution, serves supreme law land. It sets out the framework for government, defines the powers and limitations of the different branches of government, and protects the fundamental rights of the Filipino people.
2. Why is the Constitution considered the fundamental law? The Constitution is considered the fundamental law because it serves as the foundation of the legal and political system of the Philippines. Establishes principles values guide nation provides basis laws government actions.
3. How does the Constitution affect the legal system of the Philippines? The Constitution serves as the source of authority for all laws and legal decisions in the Philippines. It provides the framework for the organization and operation of the government, as well as the protection of individual rights and liberties.
4. What are the main components of the Philippine Constitution? Philippine Constitution consists Preamble, sets aspirations Filipino people; Articles, outline structure powers government; Amendments, provide changes Constitution.
5. Can the Constitution be amended? Yes, the Constitution can be amended through a formal process outlined in Article XVII. This process involves the proposal of amendments by Congress or a Constitutional Convention, followed by ratification by the Filipino people in a national referendum.
6. What is the significance of upholding the Constitution? Upholding the Constitution is crucial for maintaining the rule of law, protecting the rights of the Filipino people, and ensuring the stability and legitimacy of the government. Serves bedrock democracy foundation just orderly society.
7. How does the Constitution protect the rights of the Filipino people? The Constitution contains a Bill of Rights, which guarantees fundamental freedoms and protections for individuals, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the right to due process and equal protection under the law.
8. What role does the judiciary play in upholding the Constitution? The judiciary serves as the guardian of the Constitution, interpreting its provisions and ensuring that laws and government actions are consistent with its principles. It has the power to declare laws or executive actions unconstitutional if they violate the Constitution.
9. How does the Constitution promote the separation of powers? The Constitution establishes a system of checks and balances among the three branches of government – the executive, legislative, and judicial – to prevent the concentration of power and promote accountability and transparency in governance.
10. Why important citizens familiar Constitution? It is important for citizens to be familiar with the Constitution as it empowers them to hold the government accountable, participate in the democratic process, and assert their rights. Understanding the Constitution is essential for informed and responsible citizenship.
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